"Every October-November, New Delhi, India’s capital, experiences severe air pollution due to stubble burning in neighboring states, particularly Punjab. Technology is available and laws banning stubble burning are in place. Yet, the problem continues. At the global level, the recent 2023 United Nations Environmental Programme’s (UNEP) Production Gap Report suggests fossil fuel use and production trends are not consistent with even the 2 Celsius target. Both these problems reflect the spatial mismatch of benefits and costs of policy action: that is, policies are impeded when costs are local but their benefits are non-local."
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